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刊登時間: 2020-11-16

【專題演講】

講  題:Reduction and Foundationalism in Early Modern Mechanical Philosophy

主講人:Dr. Tzuchien Tho
    Lecturer, Department of Philosophy University of Bristol

主持人:張谷銘 教授(本所副研究員)

時  間:2020年11月26日(週四)下午16:30-18:30

地  點:本所研究大樓七樓702會議室 

摘  要:

Historians of early modern philosophy and science often treat the trends of foundationalism and reductionism as similar if not identical. Yet while reduction, exemplified by the pre-Socratic natural philosophers, is ancient and quasi-ubiquitous, foundationalism, exemplified by Cartesianism, is a modern phenomenon. Further, while reductionism was a strategy of explanation, foundationalism was a method of knowledge.

In this presentation, I address the unique confluence of reductionism and foundationalism in the mechanical philosophy of the Early Modern period. The result of this confluence of a mode of explanation with a method of knowledge is that only reduction to mechanical principles constitutes well-founded knowledge. However, some thinkers within the tradition also sought to undo the restrictive implications of this confluence without rejecting the fruits of the mechanistic program.

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