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張谷銘(Ku-ming (Kevin) Chang)
張谷銘(Ku-ming (Kevin) Chang)
職 稱:副研究員
電 話:02-26523174
E-Mail:kchang@sinica.edu.tw

學經歷 學經歷

學歷:
美國芝加哥大學歷史系博士

經歷:
本所助研究員 (2002.8-2008.9),副研究員 (2008.9- )
本所歷史學門召集人 (2015.10- )
本所世界史研究室召集人 (2015.12- )

學術榮譽 學術榮譽

1. 科技部人文行遠專書寫作計畫:「現代語言學獨立於Philology的歷史,1910-1945:
      學科的認同、成型、與實作」 (2014.8-2017.7)
2. 德國洪堡基金會 (Alexander von Humboldt Foundation) 資深學者研究獎助 (2013-2014)
3. 中央研究院前瞻計畫 (2012.1-2016.12)

4. 國科會專題計畫:「科學、哲學、與生命的跨國史:十九世紀、二十世紀初Vitalism洲際討論
      傳佈」,獲遴選為優秀年輕學者研究計畫獎助 (2011.8-2014.7)
5. 2011-2012哈佛燕京學社獎助 (2011.8.1-2012.7.15)
6. 中央研究院年輕學者著作獎 (2007)
7. 國家科學委員會吳大猷先生紀念獎 (2006)
8. Fulbright Scholarship (2006-2007)
9. Membership, Institute of Advanced Study (School of Historical Studies), Princeton,
      Fall term (2006)
10. 李氏基金會獎金 (The Li Foundation of New York Heritage Prize, 2003)

自述 自述

知識的傳統、形式與媒介

我的研究興趣在科學思想、學術文化及知識表達的型式。2002年我在美國芝加哥大學取得歷史學博士學位,所受的訓練在西方文藝復興至啟蒙時期的歷史,以及科學、醫學史。同年到本所迄今,我關注的重點在於歐洲近代科學與思想界對生命與物質的解釋,另一重心則在於dissertation做為學術寫作的文類,其演變的歷史。2006年在普林斯頓的高等研究院 (Institute for Advanced Study) 訪問研究,和來自世界各國的學者切磋交流,促使我將研究主題放在更寬廣的比較視野。

未來幾年內有幾項研究主題。第一,完成專書一冊,探討笛卡兒 (Rene Descartes) 批判傳統生命觀之後歐洲思想界的發展,闡述德國醫學家Georg Ernst Stahl (1659-1734) 的生命與物質的學說在其間扮演的重要位置,及其學說對啟蒙科學、哲學思想的影響。第二亦為一專書寫作計畫,敘述dissertation在三個面向的重大轉變:從中古的口頭辯論轉變到今天的書寫文本;文本論文的作者由指導教授轉變為學位候選人;原創性成為博士論文的必要條件。這三方面的轉變一起促成現代博士論文的成形。第三,廣泛地研究知識的形式、媒介、及學術制度的建立和播遷。博士論文的轉變是個案研究之一。另一個方向是考察口說 (oral) 的知識形式與書寫 (textual) 的知識形式在不同文化、社會的關係。再一個方向則探討大學作為教學、研究的機制最早被引進東亞時,思想界的排拒及其在地化的歷史。類似的議題,則是哲學博士 (Ph.D.) 學位從德國起源,隨後在法國、美國、英國、日本建立的個案,從而分析知識強權從法國、德國、到美國之間的轉換,高等教育在過去兩百年間的全球化,以及不同文化對知識的形式的不同構想與堅持。

著作 著作
 
期刊論文 ▼
  1. “‘Dongfang Xue’: European Philology in Republican China,” Geschichte der Germanistik: Historische Zeitschrift für die Philologien, 49/50 (2016). [forthcoming]
  2. “Communications of Chemical Knowledge: Georg Ernst Stahl and the French Academy of Sciences: 1700-1750,” Osiris (forthcoming).
  3. 〈Philology與史語所:陳寅恪、傅斯年與中國的「東方學」〉,《中央研究院歷史語言研究所集刊》87.2 (2016.6):375-460。 
  4. “The Task for Future Philology: The Visual Language of Science,” invited submission, Geschichte der Germanistik: Historische Zeitschrift für die Phlologien, 45/46 (2014): 107-127.
  5. “Politics of Life and Science: The Introduction of Hans Driesch’s Vitalism to Post-WWI China,” Harvard-Yenching Working Paper Series (2011), http://www.harvard-yenching.org/sites/harvard-yenching.org/files/featurefiles/Kevin%20Chang%20Kuming_Politics%20of%20Life%20and%20Science.pdf
  6. “Alchemy as Studies of Life and Matter: Reconsidering the Place of Vitalism in Early Modern Chymistry,” Isis, 102 (2011).
  7. “Collaborative Production and Experimental Labor: Two Models of Dissertation Authorship in the Eighteenth Century,” Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 41 (2010): 347-355.
  8. Ku‐Ming (Kevin) Chang and Karen Hunger Parshall, “Eloge: Allen George Debus, 16 August 1926-6 March 2009,” Isis, 101 (2010): 159-162.
  9. “Toleration of Alchemists as Political Question: Transmutation, Disputation, and Early Modern Scholarship on Alchemy,” Ambix, 54 (2007): 245-273.
  10. “Georg Ernst Stahl,” Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition (World Wide Web edition), 2007 (http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-261656).
  11. “Kant’s Disputation of 1770: The Dissertation and the Communication of Knowledge in Early Modern Europe,” Endeavour, 31 (2007): 45-49.
  12. “From Oral Disputation to Written Text: The Transformation of the Dissertation in Early Modern Europe,” History of Universities, 19 (2004): 129-87.
  13. Motus Tonicus: Georg Ernst Stahl's Formulation of Tonic Motion and Early Modern Medical Thought,” Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 78 (2004): 767-803.
  14. “Fermentation, Phlogiston, and Matter Theory: Chemistry and Natural Philosophy in Georg Ernst Stahl’s Zymotechnia Fundamentalis,” Early Science and Medicine, 7 (2002): 31-64.
  15. “The ‘Artists of Fire’ and the Dennis I. Duveen Collection,” Messenger Magazine, Friends of the University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries, 36 (1998): 23-24.

 

專書(論文集)之一章 ▼
  1. “Phlogiston and Chemical Principles: Georg Ernst Stahl’s Formulation of the Principle of Inflammability,” in Bruce Moran and Michael Walton, eds., Alchemy and Medicine in Early Modern Europe (Kirksville, MO: Sixteenth Century Studies, forthcoming).
  2. “Philology or Linguistics? A Conjunction of European and Chinese Schools of Learning around the Founding of the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica,” in Sheldon Pollock, Benjamin A. Elman, and Ku-ming (Kevin) Chang, eds., World Philology (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2015), 311-331.
  3. “The Great Philosophical Work: Georg Ernst Stahl’s Early Alchemical Teaching,” in Miguel López Pérez, Didier Kahn and Mar Rey-Bueno, eds., Chymia: Science and Nature in Medieval and Early Modern Europe (1450-1750) (Cambridge Scholar Publishing, 2010), pp. 386-396.
  4. “Stahl, Georg Ernst,” in Noretta Koertge, ed., New Dictionary of Scientific Biography (Detroit: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2007), vol. 6, pp. 504-508.
  5. “Georg Ernst Stahl’s Alchemical Publications: Anachronism, Reading Market, and a Scientific Lineage Redefined,” in Lawrence M. Principe, ed., New Narratives in Eighteenth Century Chemistry (Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Springer, 2007), pp. 23-43.
  6. “From Vitalistic Cosmos to Materialistic World: The Lineage of Johann Joachim Becher and Georg Ernst Stahl and the Shift of Early Modern Chymical Cosmology,” in Lawrence M. Principe, ed., Chymists and Chymistry: Studies in the History of Alchemy and Early Modern Chemistry (Sagamore Beach, MA: Science History Publications, 2007), pp. 215-225.

 

主編之專書(論文集) ▼
  1. Sheldon Pollock, Benjamin A. Elman, and Ku-ming (Kevin) Chang, eds., World Philology (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2015).

 

學術會議論文 ▼
  1.  “Away from Anthropology and Philology: The Training of Linguists in the US, Britain, and France, 1900-1945,” ESHHS (European Society for the History of Human Sciences/CHEIRON (International Society for the History of Behavioural and Social Sciences) Conference 2016, Barcelona, Spain, June 27-July 1, 2016.
  2. “Away from Anthropology and Philology: The Training of Linguists in the US, Britain and France,” Training Research Scholars: Institutions, Disciplines, and National Cultures, 1860- 1945 International Conference, Academia Sinica, Taipei, December 8-9, 2015.
  3. “A Comparative Study of Today's Practices of the Dissertation and its Oral Defense in Elite Universities Worldwide,” International Commission for the History of Universities, Copenhagen, October 2, 2015.
  4. “Western Vitalism in China: The Significance of Life for Chinese Conservatism, 1910-1945,” The 14th International Conference on the History of Science in East Asia, Paris, France, July 6-10, 2015.
  5. “Rudolf Eucken, Henri Bergson, Ernst Haeckel and Hans Driesch in China,” Reading the Signs: Languages of Prognostication in Chinese History, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany, May 30-31, 2013.
  6. “Historical and Ahistorical Sciences of Language: The Separation of Philology and Linguistics,” History of Science Society Annual Meeting, San Diego, November 17, 2012.
  7. “Philology, Anthropology, and the Science of Language-William Dwight Whitney and the Emergence of Linguistic Science,” Forum on Asia in the Early Modern World: Intellectual History in India, China, Japan, Korea and Europe, 復旦大學文史研究院, November 2, 2010.
  8. “Alchemy as Studies of Life and Matter: Reconsidering the Place of Vitalism in Early Modern Chymistry,” 16th-Century Studies Conference, Montreal, October 16, 2010.
  9. “A Global History of the Academic Degrees: The Importance of the Outsider in the Acceptance of the Ph.D. in England and Japan,” Society for the Social Studies of Science meeting, Tokyo, August 26, 2010.
  10. “Credit for Idea, Credit for Experiments: the Authorship of the Doctoral Dissertation in Laboratory Sciences in the Eighteenth Century,” International Congress for the History of Science, Budapest, Hungary, August 27-28, 2009.
  11. “Audience, Translation, and Credit for Published Knowledge: Laboratory and Models of Authorship of the Early Modern Dissertation,” History of Science Society Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, USA, November 6-9, 2008.
  12. “Philology or Linguistics: Intersection of European and Chinese Schools of Learning around the Founding of the Institute of History and Philology,” Conference on The Global History of Philology, The Institute of History and Philology, Taipei, October 28-29, 2008.
  13. “The Great Philosophical Work: Georg Ernst Stahl’s Early Alchemical Teaching,” International Conference on Chymia: Science and Nature in Early Modern Europe (1450-1750), Escorial, Madrid, Spain, September 7-12, 2008.
  14. “Languages and Translation of Knowledge: The Introduction of Medical Dissertations to the Popular Book Market in Early Modern Germany,” History of Science Society Meeting, Arlington, VA, November 2, 2007.
  15. “The Role of the Dissertation in the Scientific Communication of Early Modern Europe,” Department of the History of Science and Technology, Johns Hopkins University, April 16, 2007.
  16. “The Role of the Dissertation in the Scientific Communication in Early Modern Europe,” Chemical Heritage Foundation, Philadelphia, March 30, 2007.
  17. “The Chinese Influence on the Western Examination System: a Historical Thesis,” East Asian Seminar, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, February 26, 2007.
  18. “The Role of the Dissertation in the Communication of Knowledge of Early Modern Europe,” History and Philosophy of Science Workshop, University of Chicago, February 23, 2007.
  19. “The Role of the Dissertation in the Scientific Communication of Early Modern Europe,” Department of the History of Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, February 16, 2007.
  20. “Academic Publication, Scientific Communication and the Early Modern University,” American Historical Association Meeting, Atlanta, January 7, 2007.
  21. “The Role of the Dissertation in the Communication of Knowledge in Early Modern Europe,” Early Modern Seminar, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, November 15, 2006.
  22. “The Place of the Dissertation in the Scientific Communication of Early Modern Europe,” Princeton University, Center for the Study of Books and Media, November 28, 2006.
  23. “From Vitalistic Cosmos to Materialistic Globe: Reconsidering the Chymical Lineage of J. J. Becher and G. E. Stahl,” History of Science Seminar, School of Historical Studies, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, November 8, 2006.
  24. “Balsamic Pills: The Alchemical Background and Commercial Value of the Stahlian Equivalent of Universal Medicine,” History or Science Society Meeting, Vancouver, Canada, November 3, 2006.
  25. “From Vitalistic Cosmos to Materialistic Globe: Reconsidering the Chymical Lineage of J. J. Becher and G. E. Stahl,” International Conference on Alchemy and Chymistry, Chemical Heritage Foundation, Philadelphia, July 22, 2006.
  26. “From Vitalistic Earth to Materialistic Globe: Johann Joachim Becher and Georg Ernst Stahl on Subterranean Physics and Chemistry of Minerals,” British Society for the History of Philosophy, Robinson College, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, April 4, 2006.
  27. “From Believer to Disbeliever: Georg Ernst Stahl’s Visions of Alchemy in Transition and the Context of Their Publications,” Department of the History of Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, November 11, 2005.
  28. “The Formation of the Modern Dissertation: Media of Knowledge Publication, Norm of Academic Writings, and Qualification of the Modern Scholar,” History of the Human Sciences Workshop, University of Chicago, April 29, 2005.
  29. Invited paper, “Alchemy in the Works of Georg Ernst Stahl: Views of Alchemy in Transition and the Context of Their Publications,” Workshop on Eighteenth-Century Chemistry, Francis Bacon Award Conference, California Institute of Technology, April 21, 2005.
  30. “The Active and the Passive: Soul, Matter, and the Transformation of the Vital Principle in Eighteenth-Century Vitalism,” American Association for the History of Medicine meeting, Madison, Wisconsin, April 30, 2004.
  31. “Legitimacy and Social Order: Johann Franz Buddeus’ Dissertation on Toleration and Alchemy,” History or Science Society Meeting, Cambridge, Massachusetts, November 22, 2003.
  32. “Student Life in Early Modern Europe: Culture and Identities,” Department of Anthropology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, October 15, 2003.
  33. “The History of the Dissertation: Academic Writings, Knowledge Publications, and Academic Culture in Early Modern Europe,” Department of History, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, May 15, 2003.
  34. “Medicine for Ladies: The Introduction of Georg Ernst Stahl’s Gynecological Work to the Popular Book Market,” History of Science Society Meeting, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, November 8, 2002.
  35. “Piety and Life: Theories of Life in Pietist Halle,” (position paper), Midwest German History Workshop Madison, Wisconsin, November 11, 2000.

 

學術書評 ▼
  1. Book Review: “Pascale Rabault-Feuerhahn, Archives of Origins: Sanskrit, Philology, Anthropology in 19th Century Germany. Translated from French by Dominique Bach and Richard Willet. - Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2013. - 336 S.,” Isis, 106 (2015): 461-462.
  2. Book Review: “Sebastian Normandin and Charles T. Wolfe ed., Vitalism and the Scientific Image in Post-Enlightenment Life Science, 1800-2010, Dordrecht: Springer, 2013, VI + 377, 5 illus.,” Early Science and Medicine, 19 (2014): 376-78.

 

演講 ▼
  1. Keynote Speaker, “Today’s Doctoral Dissertation and Oral Defense: A Comparative Study of Academic Culture,” Roskilde University, Denmark, September 30, 2015.
  2. Keynote Speaker, Symposium: Dissertations in the Baltic Sea Region 1600-1850 II, Uppsala University, Stockholm, Sweden, November 7-8, 2013.
  3. “Disputation and Dissertation at Harvard: Learning and Media of Academic Writing and Publication,” Early Modern History and Book History Joint Seminar, Harvard University, April 25, 2012.
  4. “Politics of Life and Science: The Introduction of Hans Driesch’s to Post-WWI China,” East Asian Studies Program, Princeton University, December 14, 2011.
  5. “Politics of Life and Science: The Introduction of Hans Driesch’s to Post-WWI China,” Harvard-Yenching Institute, November 9, 2011.
  6. “The Dissertation as a Genre of Early Modern Publication,” Yale University Libraries, USA, November 16, 2009.
  7. 「天地之際、生命與物質之分:鍊金術、宇宙觀、與近代化學的思想系譜」,中壢:中央大學化學系,2008年5月23日
  8. 「Dissertation 和近代歐洲的知識傳播」,花蓮:東華大學歷史系,2008年5月5日。
  9. 「The Dissertation and the Communication of Knowledge in the Early Modern Republic of Letters」,臺北:臺灣大學臺灣世界史討論會,2008年3月28日。
  10. 「Metropolis and Peripheries: Travels and Orientalism in Early Modern Literature」,臺北:國科會外文學門學術研習營,2007年11月10日。

 

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