::: 通信研究人員 通信研究人員
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梁其姿(Ki-Che A. Leung)
梁其姿(Ki-Che A. Leung)
E-Mail:kcleung@gate.sinica.edu.tw

學經歷 學經歷

學歷:
法國高等社會科學研究院/歷史學博士 (1980)

現職:
香港大學香港人文社會研究所所長
中央研究院歷史語言研究所通信研究員 (2012.8- )

經歷:
香港中文大學歷史系兼任教授 (2011.1- )
香港理工大學中文系榮譽教授 (2010.8- )
香港大學人文學院名譽教授 (2009.7-2010.12 )
香港中文大學歷史系講座教授 (2008.8-2010.12)
財團法人蔣經國國際學術交流基金會副執行長 (2004.8-2008.7)
中央研究院歷史語言研究所研究員 (2004-2010.7)、兼任研究員 (2010.9-2012.7)
中央研究院人文社會科學研究中心合聘研究員 (2004.7-2009.7 )
美國Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton), member (School of Historical Studies) (2004.1-2004.6)
法國國家衛生研究院訪問學人 (國科會資助) (1995.10-1996.9)
國科會歷史學門召集人 (1994-1999)
中央研究院中山人文社會科學研究所副研究員 (1982.8-1987.7),研究員 (1987.7-2004.7)
美國傅爾布萊博士後學人,訪問哈佛大學與普林斯頓大學 (1985.9-1986.8)

學術榮譽 學術榮譽

中央研究院院士 (2010.7)
教育部第53屆學術獎 (人文學科) (2009)
European Research Council, 人文與社會科學組 panel member (學組唯一亞洲學者,2006- )
法國遠東學院 (Ecole Française d'Extrême Orient) 院外學諮委員 (Membre du Conseil scientifique) (2006- )
法國發展研究院 (Institut de Recherche pour le Développement) 院外學諮委員 (Membre du Conseil scientifique) (2000.01-2001.12)
國科會84、89、93年度 (歷史學門)傑出研究獎;79、81、82年度 (歷史學門)優等研究獎

自述 自述
窮人與病人的歷史

或許是本性使然,又或許與我在1970年代末在法國求學的經驗使然,我研究的興趣一直圍繞著邊緣或下層的人群,與生老病死等不太「高貴」的問題。我的論文導師Lucien Bianco一輩子研究中國的農民。另一位影響我甚深的老師Philippe Aries則以探討近代歐洲人面對死亡的態度變化出名。我從他那裡學到,人面對必經之生老病死歷程時的態度與行為,也有其歷史。但當時我無法體會,對這位年近七十、有深刻生命體驗的學者而言,研究這些題目是他面對生命的方式。當時年輕懵懂的我只是被這些好玩的歷史吸引著,近年來才漸了解箇中之意義,也更感謝這些老師早年的啟迪。

十多年前完成《施善與教化——明清的慈善組織》一書之後,我開始研究中國麻風病與病人的歷史。這個研究的興趣與線索來自對明清施善機構的研究。我當時注意到閩、粵、贛等地有收容麻風病人的機構,引起我極大的好奇。這個研究在過去十年裡給予我極大的精神支撐。其間我也負責行政工作,處理人事問題常讓我感到焦慮與痛苦,但每當重回資料堆與相關書籍中,我心頭就感到無比的寧靜與踏實。我把傳統中國醫學對癩/大風病的病因討論變化作了整理,同時嘗試解釋醫學對癩病理解與各歷史時期社會對病人態度間的微妙關係。我把時間拉得很長,從戰國時期一直到本世紀初。不過重點在明清至民國時期。此時傳統醫學對癩病的診斷與了解達到成熟階段,社會對病人也愈加排斥。當西方醫者帶著種族主義眼光看近代中國的疾病問題時,中國社會對麻風病其實早已有定見,兩者之間竟有微妙相似之處。目前此研究已接近出版階段,而且我也從中找到新的研究興趣——清末民初廣東地區的醫療文化。

在進行麻風病歷史的同時,我也與幾位志同道合的年輕朋友結成團隊,對傳統至近代的華人社會衛生史作系統的研究。經過了幾次研討會與密集討論後,最近研究成果也將在美國大學出版社出版。醫療文化史在華人社會史研究中仍屬新領域,尚有待開拓的空間。在退休之前十年能與年輕同道攜手合作進行拓荒,是最令我快樂的事情。
著作 著作
 
專書 ▼
  1. Shishan yu jiaohua: Ming-Qing di cishan zuzhi (Charity and Moral Transformation: Philanthropic Organizations of the Ming and Qing periods). Taipei: Linking Publishers, 1997, 380 pages.
  2. Shishan yu jiaohua: Ming-Qing di cishan zuzhi (simplified  character edition). Shijiazhuang: Hebei jiaoyu chubanshe, 2001.
  3. Jen-der Lee and Angela KC Leung eds., Funu yu shehui (Women and society). Beijing: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe, 2005.
  4. Angela KC Leung ed., Medicine for Women in Imperial China. Leiden: Brill, 2006, 212 pages.
  5. Leprosy in China. A History. NY: Columbia University Press, 2009, 373 pages.
  6. Angela KC Leung and Charlotte Furth eds., Health and Hygiene in Chinese East Asia: Policies and Publics in the Long 20th Century, Durham: Duke University Press, 2010, 337 pages.
  7. Miandui jibing: Chuantong zhongguo shehui de yiliao guannian yu zuzhi (In Face of Illness). Beijing: China Renmin University Press, 2012, 340 pages.
  8. Mafeng: yizhong jibing de yiliao shehuishi (Chinese version of Leprosy in China. A History), Beijing: The Commercial Press, 2013, 337 pages. [translated by Z hu Huiying]

 

論文 ▼
  1. 1980, Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation: “La coopération agricole en Chine dans les bases communistes pendant la guerre anti-japonaise (1937-45)”.  Paris, E.H.E.S.S.
  2. 1980, “Rule of the Red Guards”, Index on Censorship IX-1, pp. 13-17. [With Alain Peyraube]
  3. 1982, “Entraide spontanée, entraide provoquée en Chine rurale: l’intervention communiste (1943-44)”, Les Annales. Economies. Sociétés. Civilisations. Mai-juin, pp. 407-433. [With Claude Aubert and Cheng Ying]
  4. 1983, “L’amour en Chine.   Relations et pratiques sociales aux XIIIe et XIVe siècles”, Archives des sciences sociales des religions 56-1, pp. 59-76.
  5. 1984, “Autour de la naissance: la mère et l’enfant en Chine aux XVIe et XVIIe siècles” Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie LXXVI, pp. 51-69.
  6. 1984, “Xintai lishi (History of the mentalités), Shixue pinglun, April, pp. 75-97.
  7. 1984, “Sexualité et sociabilité dans le Jin Ping Mei, roman érotique chinois de la fin du XVIème siècle”, Social Science Information, 23, pp. 653-676.
  8. 1984, “Shiqi shihba shiji Changjiang xiayou zhi yüyingtang (Foundling homes in the lower Yangtze area in the 17th and 18th centuries)”, Zhongguo haiyang fazhan shi lunwen ji, (Chinese maritime history I), Taipei: ISSP, Academia Sinica, pp. 97-130.
  9. 1985, “L’accueil des enfants abandonnés dans la Chine du Bas-Yangzi aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles”, Etudes chinoises, IV-1, pp. 15-54.
  10. 1986, “Ming mo Qing chu minjian cishan huodong di xingqi (The rise of private philanthropic activities during the late Ming and early Qing period)”, Shih-huo Monthly, XV-7/8, pp. 52-79.
  11. 1987, “Organized Medicine in Ming-Qing China: State and Private Medical Institutions in the Lower Yangzi Region”, Late Imperial China, 8-1, pp. 134-166.
  12. 1987, “Ming Qing yüfang tianhua cuoshi zhi yanbian (Smallpox preventive measures during the Ming and the Qing), Kuo-shih lun-ts’ung. Taipei: Shih-huo ch’u-pan-she, pp. 239-253.
  13. 1989, “Qing dai cishan jigou yü guanliao ceng di guanxi (Charitable institutions and the bureaucracy under the Qing)”, Bulletin of the Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica, 66, pp. 85-104.
  14. 1990, “Zhongguo Ming Qing shiqi di tongsu wenhua”, (Review article on Popular culture in Late Imperial China, D. Johnson, A. Nathan, E. Rawski (eds.), University of California Press, 1985), Hsin shih hsueh 1-1, pp. 145-153.
  15. 1990, “Min-Shin jidai no chiiki elito to shakai” (Local elites and society in the Ming-Qing period), Chugoku - shakai to bunka , 5, pp. 158-171.
  16. 1993, “A History of Human Diseases - Late Imperial China” in Cambridge World History of Human Diseases, K.F. Kiple (ed.), Cambridge University Press, pp. 354-362.
  17. 1993, “Pinqiong yü qiongren guannian zai Zhongguo sushi shehui zhong di lishi bianhua” (The evolutions of the concepts of “poverty” and “the poor” in Chinese secular society), in Renguan, yiyi yü shehui (The idea of Man. Meaning and society), Y. K. Huang ed. Taipei: Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica, pp. 129-162.
  18. 1993, “To Chasten Society: The Development of Widow Homes in the Ch’ing, 1773-1911”, Late Imperial China 14-2, pp. 1-32.
  19. 1994, “Elementary Education in the Lower Yangtze Region in the 17th and 18th Centuries”, Education and Society in Late Imperial China, B. Elman & A. Woodside (eds.), Berkeley:  University of California Press, pp. 381-416.
  20. 1994, “Qing dai di xizi hui” (Association for treasuring written characters of the Qing dynasty), Hsin-shih hsüeh, 6-2, pp. 83-115.
  21. 1995, “Relief Institutions for Children in Nineteenth-century China”, Chinese Views of Childhood, A.B. Kinney (ed.), University of Hawaii Press, pp. 251-278.
  22. 1996, “Variolation and vaccination in Late Imperial China, ca. 1570-1911”, Vaccinia, Vaccination, Vaccinology. Jenner, Pasteur and their successors, S. Plotkin & B. Fantini (eds.), Paris: Elsevier, pp. 65-71.
  23. 1996, “Variolisation et vaccination dans la Chine pré-moderne (1570-1911)”, Penser la médecine (On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the death of Pasteur), B. Fantini & A-M Moulin (eds.), Paris: Fayard, pp. 57-70.
  24. 1997, “Medical Ethics in China”, in Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures, H. Selin ed. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 667-669.
  25. 1999, “Sanzijing li lishi shejian di wenti” (The problem of time in the primer Three-Word Classic), Shijian, lishi yu jiyi (Time, history, and memory), Y. K. Huang (ed.), Taipei: Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica, pp. 31-74.
  26. 1999, “Mafeng bing gainian yanbian di lishi” (The historical nosology of li/lai in China), Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica, 70-2, pp. 399-438.
  27. 1999, “Women practicing medicine in pre-modern China”, Chinese Women in the Imperial Past: New Perspectives, H. Zurndorfer (ed.), Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, pp. 101-134.
  28. 2000, “Prostitution in Modern Shanghai: Two Recent Studies”, Nan Nü, 2-1, pp. 180-187.
  29. 2001, “Song-Yuan-Ming di difang yiliao ziyuan chutan” (A preliminary study on local medical resources of the Song-Yuan-Ming dynasties), Zhongguo shehui lishi pinglun (Review of Chinese Social History), 3. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, pp. 219-237.
  30. 2001, “Hygiène et santé publique dans la Chine pré-moderne”, Les hygiénistes: enjeux, modèles et pratiques, P. Bourdelais ed. Paris: Belin, pp. 343-371.
  31. 2001, “la Medicina nella societa Ming” in K. Chemla (ed.), Storia della socienza. Vol. II Cina, India, Americhe, Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, pp. 511-516.
  32. 2002, “Jibing yu fangtu zhi guanxi: Yuan zhi Qing jian yijie di kanfa” (Illness and environment, views of Ming-Qing doctors), Xingbie yu yiliao (Gender and medicine), Committee of the Third International Conference on Sinology, Academia Sinica. Institute of Modern History, pp. 165-212.
  33. 2003, “Medical Learning from the Song to the Ming”, The Song-Yuan-Ming Transition in Chinese History, Smith & von Glahn (eds.), Harvard University Asia Center, pp. 374-398.
  34. 2003, “Medical Instruction and Popularization in Ming-Qing China”, Late Imperial China, 24/1, pp. 130-152.
  35. 2003, “L’instruction médicale et sa vulgarisation dans la Chine des Ming et des Qing”, (A slightly different French version of “Medical Instruction and Popularization in Ming-Qing China”), in Education et instruction en Chine. II, C. Nguyen Tri & C. Despeux (eds.), Paris: Editions Peeters, pp. 89-114.
  36. 2003, “Mafeng geli yu jindai Zhongguo” (The segregation of lepers in Modern China), Lishi yanjiu (Beijing), 5, pp. 3-14.
  37. 2005, “The introduction of segregation in modern China: the case of leprosaria”, in Les nouvelles pratiques de santé, XVIIIe-XXe siècles, P. Bourdelais et O. Faure (eds.), Paris: Belin, pp. 309-324.
  38. 2006, “Recent trends in the study of medicine for women in Imperial China”, in Angela Ki Che Leung (ed.), Medicine for Women in Imperial China, Leiden: Brill, pp. 2-18.
  39. 2006, “Dignity of the nation, gender equality, or charity for all? Options for the first modern Chinese women doctors” in S. Chien and J. Fitzgerald (eds.), The Dignity of Nations, Equality, Competition, and Honor in East Asian Nationalism, Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, pp. 71-82.
  40. 2006, “Introduction”, in special issue on Chinese history, Annales, Histoire, Science Sociales 2006 (Nov-Dec), no. 6, pp. 1253-57.
  41. 2007, “Yiliao shi yu Zhongguo xiandaixing wenti” (Medical history and the question of modernity in China), in Zhongguo shehui pinglun 8 (2007):1-19, Beijing: Tianjin guji chubanshe.
  42. 2008, “The business of vaccination in 19th century Canton”, Late Imperial China. 29.1 Supplement, pp. 7-39.
  43. 2008, “Cong laibing shi kan Zhongguo shi di tese” (Looking at the characteristics of Chinese history through the history of the lai disorder), in Li Jianmin (ed.), Cong liliao shi kan Zhongguo shi (Chinese history through the history of medicine), Taipei: Linking Publishers, pp. 297-330.
  44. 2010, “The evolution of the idea of chuanran contagion in Imperial China” in Angela K C Leung and Charlotte Furth (eds.), Health and Hygiene in Chinese East Asia: Policies and Publics in the Long Twentieth Century, Durham: Duke University Press, pp. 25-50.
  45. Reviews in Revue  Bibliographique  de  Sinologie,  Vingtieme  Siecle,  Extrême- Orient Extrême-Occident, Li-shih yue-k’an (History Monthly), Newsletter for Modern Chinese History (Academia Sinica), La Quinzaine Littéraire, Hsin shih-hsueh, Etudes chinoises, Isis, Medical History, Pacific Affairs, Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies.
  46. 2011, “Daotang hu?Shantang hu? Qingmo Minchu Guangzhou chengnei Xinggong Caotang di dute moshi” (Daoist temple or charitable hall? The unique model of the Xinggong Caotang in Guangzhou city centre), in Chen Yung-fa (ed.), Mingqing diguo ji qi jin-xian dai zhuan xing (The Ming-Qing empire and its transformation in the modern period), Taipei: Asian Culture, pp.395-434.
  47. 2011, Book review on Reproducing Women: Medicine, Metaphor, and Childbirth in Late Imperial China by Yi-Li Wu, Journal of Chinese Studies, Vol. 53, pp. 347-350.
  48. 2012, Book review on Other-Worldly: Making Chinese Medicine through Transnational Frames by Mei Zhan, Isis, Vol. 103, No. 1 (March 2012), The University of Chicago Press, pp. 215-216.
  49. 2012, Book review on Médicine, religion et société dans la Chine medieval: É tude de manuscrits chinois de Dunhuang et de Turfan by Catherine Despeux, ed., Han-hsueh yen-chiu (Chinese Studies), Vol. 30, No. 2 (June 2012), Taipei: Center for Chinese Studies, pp. 315-320.
  50. 2013, “Jindai Zhongguo yiyuan de dansheng” (The birth of the modern Chinese hospital), in Zhu Pingyi (ed.), Jiankang yu shehui: huaren weisheng xinshi (Health and society: a new history of health in China ), Taipei: Linking Publishing, pp. 41-68.
  51. 2013, “The Yuan and Ming Periods”, in TJ Hinrichs and Linda L. Barnes (eds.), Chinese Medicine and Healing: An Illustrated History, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, pp. 129-159.

 

翻譯 ▼
  1. 1982, “Xintai lishi (History of mentalités). Chinese translation of Philippe Ariès’ article in La nouvelle histoire, J. Le Goff, R. Chartier and J. Revel eds. Paris: Retz, 1978. Ssu yu Yen,  XX-4, pp. 377-393. (French-Chinese)
  2. 1982, “Xintai lishi”. Abridged version of the preceding translation in Shijieshi yanjiu dongtai (Beijing), no.3, pp. 44-46. (French-Chinese)
  3. 1983, Les opéras des Bords de l’Eau: théâtre Yuan, XVIIIe-XIVe siècles. Paris: Pour l’Analyse du Folklore, 189 pages. (with Maurice Coyaud and Alain Peyraube). (Chinese-French)
  4. 1983, “Xin lishi (La nouvelle histoire)”, Shih-huo Monthly, XII-10/11, 12, 13; pp.1-8, 1-5 and 91-99.  Chinese translation of J. Le Goff’s article in La nouvelle histoire. (French-Chinese)
  5. 1985, “Daoyan. Weibo lun xuezhe yu zhengzhijia  (Introduction: Weber on the man of science and the man of politics)”, Xueshu yu zhengzhi (Weibo xuanji I) (Writings of Weber I: the man of science and the man of politics). Translation of Raymond Aron’s introduction in Max Weber’s Le savant et le politique (Paris, 1959). Taipei: Hsin-ch’iao i-ts’ung, pp. 93-113. (French-Chinese)
  6. 1989, Nianjian lishi xuepai lunwen xuanji. (Translation of articles of the Annales School), Ki Che Angela Leung (ed.), Taipei: Yuan-liu ch’u-pan-she.
  7. 1989, “Zhonggu shiqi caifu yu siwang di guanxi (Richesse et pauvreté  devant la mort du Moyen Age)”. Chinese translation of Ph. Ariès’ article in Essais sur l’histoire de la mort en Occident, Paris Seuil, 1974.   In Nianjian lishi xuepai lunwen xuanji. (Selection of works of the Annales School), Ki Che Angela Leung (ed.), Taipei: Yuan-liu ch’u-pan-she, pp. 239-260. (French-Chinese)
  8. 1989, “Zhonggu shidai jiaohui di shijian ji shangren di shijian (Au Moyen Age: temps del’Eglise et temps du marchand)”.  Chinese translation of J. Le Goff’s article in Pour un autre Moyen Age, Paris, Gallimard, 1977, pp.215-38. (French-Chinese)
  9. 1991, “Ming Qing funü yanjiu” (Study of women’s history of the Ming-Qing period), by Paul Ropp. Hsin shih-hsueh, 2:4, pp. 77-116. (English-Chinese)

 

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